TDSB Research on STEAM (more than STEM)
The fact sheet lists the benefits of a STEAM program, including: (from page 2)
“Miller (2016) points out that STEAM promotes divergent and convergent thinking needed for innovation and provides students who are disengaged with STEM due to prior feelings of failure or a fear of STEM, a way to re-engage with STEM. The ARTS also enhances learning of STEM content.
- Proponents of the physical and visual arts argue that “artistic expression and principles could assist learners in structuring and organizing ideas, exploring disciplinary and cross-disciplinary connections, and solving scientific problems” (Catterall, 2013, p. 2)
- Recent studies suggest that integrating arts-based teaching into STEM areas results in increased motivation, engagement, and learning of STEM content (Henriksen, 2014).
- Studies show that learning music enhances visual spatial reasoning skills which are applied in STEM (Catterall & Rauscher, 2008).
- Training in the arts (e.g., performance, music) has the potential to enhance long term retention of content (Rinne et al., 2011).
- Integrating language and liberal arts into science resulted in improved achievement in mathematics and science (Miller & Knezek, 2013).”
Check it out! The Library also has tons of resources on this topic, the most recent being a 2016 book by J. Maslyk and titled STEAM Makers: Fostering Creativity and Innovation in the Elementary Classroom.